The land of the rising sun- Arunachal Pradesh
ARUNACHAL PRADESH is a state in the northeastern part of India and is the largest among seven sister’s states. Arunachal Pradesh, the Land of the rising sun, is the Indian state where the sun rays fall first.
Its former name was NEFA (North-East Frontier Agency) during British Raj and at that time Assam and Arunachal Pradesh were together called NEFA, then, became Indian State in 1987. It shares an international border with Bhutan to the west (160 km), China to the north and northeast (1,080 km) and Myanmar to the east (440 km).
Geography of Arunachal Pradesh
Most of the state’s terrain consists of deep valleys flanked by highland plateaus and ridges that rise to the peaks of the great Himalayas and it stretches from snow-capped mountains in the north to the plains of Brahmaputra valley in the south.
Major Rivers of Arunachal Pradesh are Brahmaputra, Lohit, Dibang, Subansiri( largest tributary of Brahmaputra river), and Siang River.
It is one of the most important states in India in terms of culture, geography, political and natural resources.
The high mountains and dense forests have prevented intercommunication imposed by geography and as a result, different tribes with several dialects live and flourish with their distinct identities. In a marriage in this state, boys’ families have to give Dowry to the girls’ families in marriage. In Arunachal Pradesh, around 26 major tribes and 100 sub-tribes are present.
Famous festivals of tribes in Arunachal Pradesh are Losar, Mopin Solung and many more.
It is called ‘the paradise of botanists’ because the area is covered with tropical rainforest. It is most famous for the Orchids. Around 600 species of orchids are found alone in Arunachal Pradesh. The Geographical Indication Tag (GI) is Arunachal Orange which is very famous all over India.
The climate varies from hot and humid in the Shivalik range with heavy rainfall. Every year in Arunachal Pradesh, 3mm rainfall occurs.
The state has a substantial deposit of minerals, which includes petroleum (crude), Coal, Dolomite, and limestone.
Do you Know?
To visit this northeastern state you need a permit, without a permit, you cannot enter the border of this state. In India, it is the only state where you need a permit.
India’s Largest and World’s second-largest Monastery, ‘Twang Monastery’ is located in the Twang district of Arunachal Pradesh and Twang is one of the most disputed lands in India with China.
In 1962, China wanted to control the Twang region in India, like Aksai Chin but the brave citizens and militants of the state fought their way to freedom from China.
It is a must-visit destination in India. Some major attractions and tourist destinations in Arunachal Pradesh are Twang Monastery, Nurang Falls, Namdapha National Park, Bumla Pass, Bomdilla, Madhuri lake, Sela Pass, Mechuka and Dong Village (the first sunrise pint in India).
Important Historical Sites are:
- Namdapha National Park (UNESCO world heritage,)
- Apatani Cultural Landscape (UNESCO world heritage),
- Thembang Dzong (Fortified Village) and,
- Golden Pagoda
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