World’s Carbon negative Country. Is it Suriname?
Read below to know the answer.
Suriname is the smallest country in South America and 95% of the land area is covered with pristine tropical rainforest. The country is also having a significant population of mixed ethnic descent making it more unique. It is a country of almost 600,000 people and the least populated country in South America. The capital of Suriname is Paramaribo.
Demographics of Suriname:
Also sometimes known as mini India because the majority of the population are from east Indian (39.8%) descents and cultural diversity like India. The African/ black (29.3%) races are Maroons and Creoles.
Location: Suriname is located in the northern section of the South American continent bordered by Guyana to west Brazil to the south and the overseas territory of French Guiana to the east to the north lays the Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 163,820 km² (63,251 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Contains coastal swamps to savanna hills.
In Suriname, the land slightly rises to three main mountain chains the Bakhuis mountains the Tumuc-Humac Mountains and the Wilhelmina are the centres where you can find the tallest peak. Juliana top at about 1200 meters high from these highlands.
The longest river within the country, the Suriname River. It flows north to the Atlantic but not before flowing into the largest inland body of water that makes up about one per cent of the entire country’s landmass.
The largest inland water body in the country is the Brokopondo Reservoir.
Suriname Biodiversity Features
Suriname’s tropical rainforest is part of the Amazon Biome and the Guiana Shield called a craton. It is one of the oldest and most stable sections of the earth’s crust unaffected by fault lines. Suriname is located within the South American plate, so they usually don’t get any earthquakes or tsunamis.
It holds a considerable amount of natural resources in terms of biodiversity, freshwater resources and cultural heritage.
According to the Rapid Assessment Program (RAP) team, there are 1,378 species and 60 of which were new to the science, including plants, ants, beetles, Katydids, fishes, amphibians, birds, and mammals. So, Suriname has many animals that are unique and endemic to Suriname like White-faced Saki and Suriname toad.
Suriname rainforests are rich in flora. The forest floor is rich in shrubs and herbaceous plants, and epiphytes and parasites are present because of high atmospheric humidity.
In 2020, Suriname consists of 14.5% of the land territory, one national park, and 13 nature reserves. The largest of these is the Central Suriname Nature Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Before some serious discussion let’s read some fun facts about Suriname.
- In Suriname, the land is only 1% arable and, cultivation happens on half of that one per cent.
- Because of less human interference majority of land remains untouched as a result covered with pristine forests.
- If you get lost in the dense forest of Suriname you will never be found again.
- Suriname is one of the two countries (the other is Bhutan) that have achieved carbon neutrality and are carbon negative (removing more carbon than they emit).
- Suriname lands are mostly protectedreserve forests.
- Besides Guyana, Suriname is the only country in South America where people drive on the left side of the road. Interesting right?
- There is just one cinema in entire Suriname located in the capital city Paramaribo.
- All religious groups in the country coexist peacefully, Christians, Jews, Muslims, and Hindus together.
Threads to Suriname’s Pristine Rainforest
Even though 95% of the land in Suriname is covered with rainforest, it is still facing some environmental threads.
Despite the isolation of the protected regions, there is increased pressure on the forests from gold mining and, the rampant expansion of logging is the most serious cause of concern.
Mercury released from the mining process can be toxic to the human population living there.
The local groups of Suriname trying their best to protect their countries pristine rainforest.
Because of rising demands of natural elements occurring in their lands concerns the rise of deforestation.
The people of Suriname are working for the benefit of all humans and our environment.
Even though there are some troubles, it is still the country having the most pristine rainforest in the world.
So, they do teach us how to coexist peacefully, without disturbing the balance of nature. And religious tolerance is one thing among others that Suriname teaches the world.
Let’s start with some measures at individual levels to reach a green future.
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