EVERYTHING ABOUT OLYMPICS AT YOUR FINGERTIPS

Learn all about your all-time favourite sports festival, the “OLYMPICS”!!!

WAIT! Is it your first time hearing ‘OLYMPICS’? Don’t worry; it’ll be your next favourite topic to speak about.

Here are the answers to your questions that have always been lingering in your mind. Now start reading!

WHAT ARE THE OLYMPICS?

Olympics a global village

The Olympics is a multi-sporting event that draws several people around the world.

This global event is a festival of people of all classes, ages, and social positions where thousands of finest athletes gather from around the globe and compete for a medal every few years.

The modern Olympics include summer, winter, and Paralympics games.

IOC organises each game every four years, with the summer and winter games two years apart from one another.

Paralympic Games happens in the same year in a few days after the closing ceremony of the summer or winter games

IOC introduced Olympic youth games for athletes between 14 and 18 years old in 2007. The first-ever YOG was held in the year 2010.

Be it Simone Biles, Roger Federer, Usain Bolt, Michael Phelps or maybe it’s PV Sindhu or Bajarang Punia, they are some well-known Olympians that you must have heard about.

Now you must be thinking about how did it came into existence, right? Then allow us to probe its history to understand its origin and growth with time.

WHAT IS ITS ORIGIN/HISTORY?

Olympics at Zeus Temple
Source: Encyclopedia Britannica

Who doesn’t like a good competition, now and then! Thought so, even the Ancient Greeks.

In 776 B.C the Olympics began as a festival honouring the Greek god Zeus at Olympia in southern Greece.

The games happened every four years, and through the games, an Olympic Truce was made which restricted wars and battles so that athletes from different cities could travel safely to and from the games.

The original Olympic Games only had one event, a brief race across a stadium but through the years more events were added.

“As all the good things must come to an end” so is the Olympics.

When the new Christian Emperor Theodosius I of Greece banned all the pagan festivals and as a result, 1000 years of tradition came to an end.

However, in 1896, Baron Pierre de Coubertin of France revived the games again.

He created the International Olympics Committee which organized the first primary official event in Athens, Greece, and in 1924, the Winter Games were introduced.

HOW ANCIENT OLYMPIC GAMES ARE DIFFERENT FROM THE MODERN OLYMPICS?

These are just some differences between the Ancient and therefore the modern Olympic games.

Ancient Olympics

In Ancient times the games were held within the same place, in Olympia.

The Ancient Olympics included only a few games, like sprinting, wrestling, chariot racing, pankration, javelin throw, discus throw.

The winners were awarded olive branches, which was an excellent honour to them, sometimes awarded with the prize money.

While only men were allowed to participate in the official Olympic Games.

A similar small festival was organized for women, to showcase their talents at Olympia, dedicated to Zeus’s consort Hera.

Modern Olympics

Unlike ancient times, the modern Olympics are organized in several cities around the world.

It includes 35 different sports, 53 disciplines and quite 400 events.

In the modern Olympics, women partake in every discipline. Women first competed in the Olympics in 1900.

 It includes winter sports like skiing and ice skating, figure skating, snowboarding and special in Winter Olympics.

Paralympics are for athletes with disabilities and Youth, games are for ages between 14-18 years.

WHAT DOES OLYMPIC SYMBOLS AND RITUALS MEAN?

Olympics symbols
Source: Getty Images

Olympic rings

 There are five interlocking rings of blue, yellow, black, green, and red on a white background which represents every country because they have a minimum of one among those colours thereon in their flags.

Five rings represent each continent of the world: America (Both North and South), Africa, Asia, Europe, and Australia.

Olympic flame or torch

The lighting of the torch is a reminder of the Ancient Greek myth when Prometheus stole fire from the god Zeus to offer it to humans.

Each Olympics starts with the torch lighting ceremony during a special ceremony at the location of the ancient Olympics in Olympia, Greece.

It travels around Greece then begins a special journey to the city which will host the Olympics. Runners usually travel on foot sometimes by other means of transport to reach the host city.

The opening ceremony of the games begins when a large cauldron is lighted which stays burning until the Olympics’ Last Day.

The games officially end when the flame goes out.

Olympic oath

Pierre de Coubertin wrote the first Olympic oath but modified it over time with changing environment of games.

“We promise to take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and

abiding by the principles and within the spirit of fair play.

We all commit ourselves to sport without doping and

cheating for the glory of sport, for the honour of our teams and

in respect for the basic principles of Olympism.”

WHAT IS THE IMPACT OF THE OLYMPICS?

Olympics world economy
Source: Getty Images

The Olympics is about people, social and cultural relations of advantages which remain within the minds of individuals in long-term.

It has been a boon for human rights, globalization, cooperation, and peace.

Infrastructure build for the Olympics will remain and can transform the cities and make new opportunities for the people living there.

Host countries invest many dollars for the preparations of the Olympics hoping for a boom within the economy but some flourish and a few don’t and should pile on debt.

A rise in travel and tourism since people come to it from across the world.

Olympics create a big impact on the environment. The aviation, food and resources, lodging, and litter undertaking isn’t exactly an eco-friendly case.

But Tokyo Olympics 2020 has already received ‘carbon credit’, during the Covid-19 pandemic. Can you guess why?

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